FURNITURE MANUFACTURING SECTOR REPORT 2022

FURNITURE MANUFACTURING IN TURKEY

     The Turkish furniture industry is a small scale workshop type, mostly working with traditional methods.

It has the appearance of being dominated by businesses. However, especially in recent years

In addition to small-scale enterprises, the number of medium and large-scale enterprises has started to increase.

In parallel with the employment level of fabricated production companies, it is one of the larger companies.

is thought to occur. The number of manufacturing companies is increasing day by day.

increasing. Although it does not occupy an important place in the sector in furniture and forest products,

The number of foreign-capital companies operating, especially kitchen furniture

increasing. Retail IKEA has opened and is opening in Istanbul, Izmir, Bursa and Ankara.

stores also brought dynamism to the sector.

The furniture sector in Turkey, where the market is concentrated and / or forest products are concentrated, certain

collected in the regions. According to their share in the total production of important furniture production regions;

They are listed as İstanbul, Ankara, Bursa (İnegöl), Kayseri, İzmir and Adana.

Although the furniture sector is scattered in various places in Istanbul, the two most important centers

Masko in the İkitelli Organized Industrial Zone and the furniture industry site in Ümraniye

It is Modoko.

Ankara has always been an important center in furniture production. According to TUIK data

It comes after Istanbul in terms of total employment level and number of businesses. in Ankara

The furniture industry has become synonymous with the Siteler district. Sites were built by the Carpenters' Chamber in the 1960s.

was established under the leadership of a large company operating on 5,000 decares of land today.

organized industrial zone. The region has many businesses producing small and medium-sized furniture.

contains. It is estimated that the number of companies on the sites is over 10,000.

However, these enterprises are labor-intensive enterprises and the number of large-scale production companies is small.

The rapid development of the wood industry, which has large forested areas and as a result

Bursa-İnegöl Region is also a region with high development dynamics. Historical Silk Road

Its commercial mobility and proximity to raw materials

Making good use of its advantage, İnegöl is a furniture center today. Bursa-İnegöl furniture industry

It comes after Ankara in terms of employment level. However, the exports

It is in the third place after Kayseri and Istanbul in terms of distribution according to our regions. of the region

This success in exports has enabled Bursa-İnegöl to become an important international center in furniture.

shows that it is ok.

     The rise of the furniture industry in Kayseri started with sofas, armchairs and beds. Technological

Kayseri, with its companies producing in every branch of furniture today with developments and new investments,

It has become an important furniture center of Turkey. TOBB data and TUIK export

According to the figures, Kayseri includes the biggest ones in the sector. Of these

approximately 400 of them are export-oriented companies that can manufacture mass production. TurkStat

According to the data, with the employment level of 11.5 persons per firm, it is above the average of Turkey in the region.

personnel are employed at a much higher rate. Number of employees per firm

height of Kayseri is a region where large-scale companies are concentrated.

shows. % of Turkey's furniture export with 355 million dollars export in 2012

Kayseri, which makes 18.7 of it alone, is the most important furniture production and export center of our country.

is in the state.

 

     According to the employment level, İzmir region comes in the 5th place after Kayseri. Karabaglar and

Kisikkoy furniture city is the places where the industry is concentrated, and the city owns the port, transportation

It is also among the important breakthroughs in exports with its ease of use. Number of employees per firm

In terms of employment in the region, which has an employment level of 2.66 people below the average of Turkey,

There are very small companies.

Furniture demand is largely parallel to new housing constructions and income growth.

is following. The demand for office furniture is largely due to the opening and construction of workplaces, office furniture.

depends on the use of automation systems and naturally the increase in employment. Because

Demand and capacity utilization rates for furniture, a consumer good with high demand elasticity

It follows a fluctuating course in parallel with economic fluctuations.

The most important factor in the inability to increase capacity utilization is the contraction in demand in the domestic market.

Domestic demand is the leading cause of the sector's inability to work at full capacity, and foreign demand is the second.

deficiency comes. Lack of demand financing, problems with employees, domestic and imported

reasons such as shortage of raw materials follow.

 

TURKEY'S FURNITURE FOREIGN TRADE

     Since 2001, the Turkish furniture industry has started to increase continuously in foreign trade.

With the crises experienced in the previous period, the shrinkage in domestic demand was driven by companies to export.

It has been tried to overcome by focusing on

shows that it has become the choice of our companies. Exporting is now a process that takes life desperately.

It has become the most important force behind the development.

One third of the exports made by the sector are to the EU and more than half of the imports are from the EU.

Considering this regional concentration in the sector, the characteristics of the EU market and consumer

Although it is positive, it is necessary to diversify the market in terms of the long-term goals of the sector.

It also reveals the need to go (with alternative markets such as the USA).

Continuing the positive process in exports as of 2001, significant amounts of deficit

In the foreign trade of the given country, the sector's continuing the tradition of surplus foreign trade balance and the country's

It is expected to continue to contribute to the economy. Healthier macro-economic

With the conditions and the foreign market experiences gained, the furniture industry is expected to make greater increases.

It has a suitable dynamism and potential.

 

Export

    Although the furniture sector is an important sector with the number of workplaces and the employment it creates,

Its share in our exports is limited. The share of the sector in total exports is 2% in 2020

realized as. The development of the furniture industry depends on the development of furniture exports.

While Turkey's furniture export was 192 million dollars in 2001, it

increased significantly and reached 3 billion 422 million dollars. negative to trade in 2020

Despite the pandemic conditions, the effects of which were felt significantly, furniture exports in 2020 exceeded

increased by 12% year-on-year.

 

Imports

Further liberalization of furniture imports in 1986 and then in 1996

With our entry into the Customs Union, there has been an increase in furniture imports. Furniture import in 1994 38

million dollars, while the next year it is around 68 million dollars, an increase of 79%.

has taken place. This rapid increase in imports continued in the following years, but in 2001

With the effect of the crisis, furniture imports decreased by 40% compared to the previous year.

It fell to $122 million. Decline in furniture imports in the post-crisis period 2002

It was realized as 128 million dollars with a small increase with the year 2017. Sector import next

It continued to increase in parallel with the economic recovery in the previous years, but in 2009 the global

due to the crisis, it is at the level of 568 million dollars with a decrease of 37% compared to the previous year.

has taken place. In 2011, when the effects of the crisis decreased, the imports of the sector decreased in 2008.

exceeded their value to 941 million dollars. In 2020, our furniture import is compared to the previous year.

decreased by 9.1% compared to the previous year and decreased to 498 million dollars. Decline in imports

contributes positively to the foreign trade surplus.