What is the Difference Between MDF and Particleboard, Chipboard?

What is the Difference Between MDF and Particleboard?

Many different types of materials are encountered when choosing furniture design for a home. One of the most important materials used in home decoration is undoubtedly solid wood. However, the biggest disadvantage of this material is that it is expensive. Furniture manufacturers aiming to reduce costs with cheaper materials use MFD and chipboard materials as an alternative to solid wood in home decoration. So, in what situations are these materials used, and how can you distinguish between MDF and chipboard?


What is MDF?

It is a wood product obtained by bonding wood fibers together with resin under high temperature and pressure. There are no visible wood grains due to the fact that it is composed of fibers. It is effortless to paint and cut the MDF board with a smooth surface. In addition, having a strong and dense material makes MDF board an excellent choice for home designs. Under normal conditions, MDF is not a water-resistant material, but the products designed with the material can be made more resistant to moisture and even heat by processing.


MDF adapts to the structural integrity of the product to which it will be converted and is ecologically compatible, that is, environmentally friendly. The fact that it can be easily shaped has made it versatile. It can be drilled or cut without causing any damage.


What are the Disadvantages of MDF?

MDF (Medium Density Board) is a product made from wood particles, but it is no stronger than wood. It can split or crack when subjected to stress. It can absorb water faster than wood. So it can cause swelling and damage.


What is Chipboard?

It is obtained by combining wood sawdust with synthetic resin and pressing. It is an environmentally friendly product. Because it is produced using larger fiber particles than MDF, chipboard has wood grains but does not have natural flaws like solid wood. It can be easily cut, painted, glued and drilled. However, it carries a certain level of cracking risk during drilling. It is difficult to shape because it is a material that tends to break or crumble.


Particleboards have soundproof properties. It is lightweight and easily portable. It can hold nails and screws better compared to MDF. It is easy to clean and maintain. Its smooth and flat surface provides easy adhesion when necessary.


What are the Disadvantages of Chipboard?

Chipboards are not strong enough compared to other types of materials such as MDF. In other words, the durability of particle boards is relatively lower. It should be used with care as it can be easily damaged. It has low resistance to moisture.


Differences Between MDF and Chipboard

Although MDF and chipboard are materials produced in similar ways, they also bring differences from the production stage to the places of use. For example; It is possible to say that MDF, which is produced from wood fibers, is more durable and long-lasting, unlike chipboard produced with sawdust.


Particleboard is lighter than MDF. While chipboard can break more quickly, MDF does not break easily. In addition, chipboard furniture is difficult to disassemble and reuse once installed. Because chipboard is not resistant to impacts and can disperse. MDF, on the other hand, can maintain its durability for many years.


MDF color options are richer than chipboard color options. MDF painting can be done by using unlimited color options with acrylic paint. Chipboard, on the other hand, does not absorb acrylic paint well and is usually used with ready-made paints. Color selection is limited in coated chipboards.


Particleboard is not resistant to moisture and water, it expands and warps when exposed. For this reason, you should prefer MDF boards, especially for furniture that will come into contact with water.


The advantage of chipboard over MDF is that it has a better screw holding feature. Due to this feature, chipboard is preferred in the construction of furniture that is mounted using a large number of screws. Chipboard is a material that is easy to maintain and clean.


MDF is always preferred in the production of bedroom furniture because chipboard is not a material that has the strength and quality to carry heavy loads.


MDF is priced higher than chipboard, but less expensive than solid wood given the processing process.


Where are MDF and Chipboard Used?

MDF boards are the most used material in the field of carpentry, as they are compatible with various types of lacquer, such as lacquer paint, bonded from natural layers or melamines, and even pattern printing. However, they can also be used in different areas such as wall and door coverings.


MDF boards are widely used in the production of kitchen and bathroom furniture due to their resistance to moisture. MDF does not swell or deform under the influence of steam.


The difference between MDF and chipboard; It is the widespread use of panels that are produced by chipboard production in the production of simpler furniture than MDF. However, although MDF is preferred in bedrooms due to its durability, based on the fact that most furniture is produced with modern techniques, chipboard will outperform MDF if the right chipboard quality is used. Barely It is important that kitchen and bathroom furniture do not contain chipboard material, as the k is not resistant to water or moisture.


Thicker chipboards are often used in the construction of flooring and countertops. It is also possible to design light furniture products such as bookshelves and tables using high quality chipboard. There are also kitchen counters made of melamine faced chipboard.